Who’s next for the Green Tsunami?

As the landscape of cannabis legalization continues to evolve in the United States, several states are positioning themselves to join the ranks of those that have legalized cannabis for adult use.

Here’s an in-depth look at the states likely to legalize cannabis in 2024, focusing on the legislative and public opinion landscapes shaping these efforts.


Overview: Florida is a key state to watch in the 2024 cannabis legalization wave. The state is working towards passing a constitutional amendment that would allow adults to purchase and possess personal amounts of cannabis.

weed Florida

Key Provisions:

  • Personal Use: Adults 21 and older could purchase and possess up to 3 ounces of dried flower or 5 grams of concentrate.
  • Medical Operators: Existing medical cannabis operators would be allowed to remain vertically integrated while expanding to the adult-use market.
  • Licensing Process: The state legislature would determine the licensing process for new market entrants.

Public Opinion: Support for cannabis legalization in Florida is strong, with a November 2023 poll from the University of North Florida’s Public Opinion Research Lab indicating that 67% of voters support the constitutional amendment. This level of support is critical, as the amendment requires a 60% supermajority to pass.


Overview: Hawaii, known for its progressive stance on medical cannabis, is looking to expand to adult-use legalization in 2024.

Hawaii cannabis

Legislative Efforts:

  • In March 2023, the Hawaii Senate overwhelmingly approved an adult-use legalization bill, but it faced challenges in the House.
  • The bill aims to address federal restrictions and law enforcement concerns while promoting public health and safety.


  • House Speaker Scott Saiki has expressed a desire to delay discussions to develop a comprehensive bill, which has created a legislative bottleneck.
  • The state’s Attorney General Anne Lopez has provided a 315-page draft bill to guide legislators in minimizing public health risks and promoting welfare​.

South Dakota

Overview: South Dakota has had a tumultuous journey towards cannabis legalization, with voters initially approving both medical and adult-use cannabis in 2020, only for the adult-use measure to be struck down by the state Supreme Court.

South Dakota cannabis

Recent Developments:

  • Despite setbacks, advocates have continued to push for legalization through both legislative means and ballot initiatives.
  • Efforts to place another adult-use measure on the ballot are ongoing, with strong grassroots support aiming to overcome previous obstacles​.


Overview: Minnesota is making significant strides towards cannabis legalization, with changes to its state’s marijuana laws and a strong push from local advocates.

Minnesota cannabis

Legislative Progress:

  • Recent legislative sessions have seen the approval of bills that not only legalize adult-use cannabis but also include provisions for licensing, equity, and cultivation.
  • The state is focusing on creating an equitable market that addresses the needs of all communities, particularly those disproportionately affected by cannabis prohibition​.


Overview: Ohio is set to launch adult-use cannabis sales in 2024, following a successful push to get legalization measures approved.

Key Provisions:

  • The state has laid out a framework that includes a regulated market for adult-use cannabis, building on its existing medical cannabis infrastructure.
  • Efforts are focused on ensuring that the market rollout is smooth and that regulatory measures are in place to prevent misuse and ensure safety​​.

Rolling up…

The movement towards cannabis legalization in these states reflects a broader trend of increasing acceptance and recognition of cannabis’ potential benefits. As public opinion shifts and legislative efforts gain momentum, 2024 could be a landmark year for cannabis reform in the United States.

Each state’s journey is unique, shaped by its political climate, public support, and specific regulatory challenges. However, the overall trend points towards a growing acceptance and integration of cannabis into the legal and economic fabric of more states across the nation.